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PowerShell check folder for modified files in the last X minutes


How to use PowerShell to check modified files or files on a particular folder?

If you ever find yourself in a situation, to monitor file or files that was changed or modified, for the last few minutes.

PowerShell will be able to solve the issue.

This would be very useful in an environment where a file is shared by a group of people and anyone can access or modified the file.

In order to check or keep track whether the file has been changed, PowerShell script is able to monitor and send an email to alert that the file has been modified.

Use the script below and run it on Task Scheduler, at an interval of every hour if the $xminutes is set to 60.

But of course if you want to check for every 30 minutes, then task scheduler should also be set to run every 30 minutes.

How to run the script below on PowerShell?

Use this command on Task Scheduler to run a PowerShell script.

PowerShell –file “c:\path_to_your_PS_script\PowerShell_Name.ps1 -noexit

Script below is the PowerShell script to monitor modified files or file on a particular path specified.

====================START of Code Snippet=====================
#number of minutes since the file has been changed
#it will monitor for the modified file or files during the last 60 minutes


$xminutes = "60"

#a UNC path can be used as a path if file/files being monitored are on a network
#$xPath ="\\FileServer\shared\*.*"

#just specify the path if the file is monitored locally
#$xPath="d:\shared\*.*"

#will monitor for any modified XML or text files on the specified path
#$xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Filter *.txt | Where-Object - will filter  for *.txt only

# ? - is an Alias for for Where-Object

#$xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Filter *.txt | ? - will filter  for *.txt only


#$xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Include *.txt, *.xml | ? - if need to filter two or more file extensions

#=====================


#check for modified files for the last 60 minutes

#$xminutes has value of 60, change the variable to your desired value

$xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Filter *.txt | ? {
  $_.LastWriteTime -gt (Get-Date).AddMinutes(-$xminutes) }

# Set mail FROM. 
$from = "admin_alert@pluto.com"

#Set mail TO. 
$to = "inform_me@saturn.com"

#Set the SMTP server
$smtp = "xxplanet.com"

#uncomment this code below to see what's going on
# write-host $xfile

#send email if changes has been made
  if ($xfile) { $body = "File had been changed"; $subject = "Alert File Change"; Send-MailMessage -Body "$body" -to $to -from $from -Subject $subject -smtp $smtp } else { Write-Host "No Changes"}

====================END of Code Snippet=====================


Hope it helps… Cheers!! Please drop a comment if you find it useful.. :)

Comments

  1. Hi

    Can you help please. When I run this I get and error in line 5

    $xminutes="60"

    $xPath="c:\temp\*.*"

    $xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Filter *.txt, *.xml | ? {
    $_.LastWriteTime -gt (Get-Date).AddMinutes(-$xminutes) }

    Write-Host $xfile

    I get this error :-

    Get-ChildItem : Cannot convert 'System.Object[]' to the type 'System.String' required by parameter 'Filter'.
    Specified method is not supported.
    At line:5 char:46
    + $xfile = Get-ChildItem -Path $xPath -Filter *.txt, *.xml | ? {
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo : InvalidArgument: (:) [Get-ChildItem], ParameterBindingException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CannotConvertArgument,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.GetChildItemCommand

    Kind Regards
    Matthew

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi
    Fantastic tutorial again. the -Filter should say -Include instead. Also could you add more explanation about the line please.
    cheers
    Matt

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the heads up, Matt. Yes I have updated the code. :)

      Delete

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